Jan 06, 2020 ethiopia astrology amharic version ethiozodiac app ethiopian horoscope app astrology ethiopian app by amharic language it is an amharic language app for all ethio ethiopian. Also known as kjv bible, this bible app contains the king james version of the bible, amharic orthodox bible flip 81, amharic kjv bible, also known as the authorized version. Minimally reached few evangelicals, but significant number who identify as christians. The ethiopian alphabet or amharic letters is also known as ethiopic or geez is one of the oldest used in the world. Linguists may also use history to see the affects it has on the evolution or extinction of a language. The origins of the amharic language are traced back to the 1st millennium b. The name lalibela means the bees recognise his sovereignty thats a lot to fit in one word. After the fall of the derg in 1991, the 1995 constitution of ethiopia granted all ethnic groups the right to develop their languages and to establish first language primary education systems. They were powerful enough to take military expeditions into south arabia. These are semitic, cushitic, omotic, and nilosaharan. The aksumites developed geez, a unique script derived from the sabean alphabet, and it is still used by the ethiopian orthodox tewahedo church today. Some amharic sources for modern ethiopian history, 188919351.
Demographics and language amharic also known as abyssinian, amarinya, amarigna, and ethiopian is the national language of ethiopia. How amharic unites and divides ethiopia african arguments. Amharic was until the 14th century a relatively unimportant local dialect of the south of ethiopia. At the turn of the first millennia, the dominant kingdom was in aksum. Omotic speakers moved southward into the central and southwestern highlands of ethiopia, followed at some subsequent time by cushitic speakers, who settled in territories in the northern horn of africa, including the northern highlands of ethiopia. Amharic is also known to be the second most widely spoken semitic language in the world. Details on the origins of all the peoples that make up the population of highland ethiopia were still matters for research and debate in the early 1990s. The origin of amharic girma awgichew demeke addis ababa university there are basically two hypotheses on the origin of amharic. Apr 30, 2014 amharic documentary about death part 15 duration. The amharic language possibly originated as result of a pidginization process with a cushitic substratum and a semitic superstratum to enable communication between people who spoke a mix of different languages. In order to convey an idea of the relationship of amharic, tigrinya and tigre towards each other and towards geez, we might enlist the helpful parallel of the romance languages. Amharic is the official national language of ethiopia.
However, in ethiopia, amharic or other local languages, and in eritrea and ethiopias tigray region, tigrinya may be used for sermons. Ethiopia is adding four more official languages to amharic. Amharic is the official working language of ethiopia. The language of these two articles is simple, plain, straightforward, unambiguous and requires no interpretation. Thanks to the discovery of the hominid fossil lucy, ethiopia is much touted as the cradle of humanity. It is the second most spoken semitic language after arabic, and the official language of ethiopia. There are ninety languages that are spoken in ethiopia according to the 1994. While there is no official reason for amharic to be the dominant language of the federal government, history shows it was reinforced during the era of. In most regions it is the primary second language in the school curriculum. Ethiopia along with the amharic language is said to be descendants of king solomon and the queen of sheba.
Yaityopya ortodoks tawahedo betakrestyan is an oriental orthodox christian church in ethiopia. Many are believed to be mentally handicapped or incapable of learning. Ethiopia is adding four more official languages to amharic as. Amharic is rooted from the ancient language geez geez. There are many bibles to choose from and this version is chosen as one of the most read bibles available. Aug 01, 2017 the most widely spoken languages of ethiopia. History amharic amharic amharic language in ethiopia. Nevertheless, amharic is still widely used as the working language of amhara region, benishangulgumuz region, gambela region and southern nations, nationalities, and peoples region. Apr 07, 2020 get closer to god with this amharic bible app, holy bible amharic, holy bible in amharic free. The most widely spoken language in ethiopia is oromo, which around 33. Lalibela was the capital of ethiopia until the th century the current capital is addis ababa amharic. Amharic language, one of the two main languages of ethiopia along with the oromo language. Amharic dd national african language resource center.
Geez is the ancient language, and was introduced as an official written language during the first aksumite kingdom when the sabeans sought refuge in aksum. The most viewed ethiopia apps on play store by amharic language for ethiopian music, ethiopian movies, ethiopian film lovers. Latest ethiopian news in amharic, analysis, opinions, events, video and audio on things ethiopia. Amharic is an afroasiatic language of the southwest semitic group and is related to ge. Under him, amharic became the language of ethiopias rulers. The amhara inhabit much of presentday ethiopia and have long dominated the history of the region. As immigrants from southwestern arabia crossed the red sea into presentday eritrea and mixed with the cushitic population.
It was for some time also the language of primary school instruction, but has been replaced in many areas by regional languages such as oromifa and tigrinya. The language of amharic is spoken in the ethiopian government, court system, and on all official documents. It is an ethiopia entertainment app free for ethiopian diasporas also. Ask me anything submit quotes from ethiopian books that you like. Amharic is a semitic language that is also know as.
Amharic is the working language of the federal authorities of ethiopia government. Amharic was the language of primary school instruction but has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as oromo and tigrinya. Learn about the captivating history, language and culture in. Amharic a language with a long history projecte a ngo run. Since the th century is has been the language of the court and dominant population in highland ethiopia. The history of amharic language traces back to the 1 st millennium b. Amharic language simple english wikipedia, the free. World heritage sites including the most famous historical cities such as axum.
As the countrys majority and most widely dispersed people, the oromo are present in at least twelve clusters in ten provinces. The history of amharic language traces back to the 1st millennium b. This is the most important speech in modern ethiopian history. There are not enough schools, teachers or supplies. It is also used liturgically by the beta israel falasha jews.
It is optimized specifically for ethiopian languages amharic and geez. Amharic is the official working language in which all federal laws are published, and it is spoken by millions of ethiopians as a second language. As part of the land of punt, the people here enjoyed trade with the ancient egyptians some 5,000 years ago and then, around 3,500 years ago, ethiopias first great civilisation arose. Some amharic sources for modern ethiopian history, 188919351 volume.
Ethiopian languages history, culture, language, religion. Score a books total score is based on multiple factors, including the number of people who have voted for it and how highly those voters ranked the book. Home trending history get youtube premium get youtube tv best of youtube. However it became more important as a result of the move of the royal residence to the south. It has been the language of the court and the dominant population group in highland ethiopia since the late th century. Geez, like latin, was not used as a spoken language for a very long time. Online keyboard to type en amharic text with the geez alphabet ethiopian language. Ethiopias official language is amharic amharigna and its origin goes back to 2000 years ago. Article 29 reproduced also in the official amharic text below2 states.
Amhara, people of the ethiopian central highlands and one of the major ethnolinguistic groups in ethiopia. Although geez is ceased to be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 ad, it continues as a language of ethiopian church. Knowledge of the amharic language is essential to understanding ethiopian culture. Tigrigna and amharigna amharic are the modern languages which are derived from geez. Historians explain that immigrants from southwestern arabia crossed the red sea into presentday eritrea and mixed with the cushitic population. After old ethiopian died out, the geez alphabet it used was modified and used for amharic. Origin of amharic, tigrinya and tigre languages dr. Although these and other groups were essentially peripheral to the main strands of the history of the highlands ethiopian state, recently scholars have studied their social history, to include them in the. Get a detailed look at the language, from population to dialects and usage. Second only to arabic, and it uses the ancient language of geez as its script, this is known as the fidel. Today in ethiopia, the legacy of this history lives on. Amharic language, also called amarinya or kuchumba, amarinya also spelled amharinya and amarigna, one of the two main languages of ethiopia along with the oromo language. Oromo is also the official working language in oromiya.
The language serves as the working language of ethiopia, and is also the working language of several of the states within the ethiopian federal system. The language of the amhara is known as amharic and belongs to the semitic language family. Ethiopian history origins and the early periods early populations and neighboring states. The ethiopian church was part of the coptic orthodox church until 1959, when it was granted its own patriarch by coptic orthodox pope of alexandria and patriarch of all africa, cyril vi. The emperor delivered this speech on the occasion of returning to addis ababa, ethiopia after 5 years in exile in england because mussolinis fascist italians had occupied ethiopia from 1936 to 1941. It is spoken to some extent in every province, including the amhara region. The deaf of ethiopia the ethiopian sign language community. Anthropologists believe that east africas great rift valley is the site of humankinds origins. Christian oromo, many of whom speak amharic as their mother tongue. According to the ethiopian census of 2007, the first languages and the largest are the oromo with about 24,930,424 of the population speaking the language which is equivalent to 33. But like latin, geez is the precursor of ethiopias three major semitic languages. The liturgy and music of ethiopian orthodox christianity, with audio files and links to information on congregations in the usa and elsewhere outside of ethiopia. Linguists use history to also follow the evolution and interactions of languages. Amharic is one of the ethiopian semitic languages, which are a subgrouping within the semitic.
Get closer to god with this amharic bible app, holy bible amharic, holy bible in amharic free. Abyssinica translator uses proprietary algorithms to analyze amharic and geez. Max planck institute for the science of human history. Historical characteristics many aspects of amharic can be traced back to other languages. Their right is founded solely and exclusively on the sweeping constitutional guarantees they enjoy under articles 29 and of the ethiopian constitution. This video is about amharic a semitic language related to arabic, hebrew, and others.
The ethiopian languages are divided into four major language groups. Find out about the ethiopian amharic language, the rules of the amharic. Ethiopia history, language and culture history of ethiopia. Abyssinica translator uses proprietary algorithms to. Ethiopia astrology amharic version ethiozodiac app ethiopian horoscope app astrology ethiopian app by amharic language it is an amharic language app for all ethio ethiopian. Amharic also known as amarinya, amarigna is a semitic language spoken in ethiopia. Ethiopia astrology amharic version ethiozodiac app apps on.
Geez is the root language for the three related languages amharic, tigrinya and tigre. The official national language of ethiopia is amharic, but 87 other languages are spoken in the country. Mar 03, 2020 while there is no official reason for amharic to be the dominant language of the federal government, history shows it was reinforced during the era of emperor haile selassie 19301974, who made. The best amharic books ever, as voted on by the general goodreads community. The elimination of the alien ruler indigenize ethiopian history in terms of local actors. Garretson, a history of addis ababa from its foundation in 1886 to 1910, ph.
It is spoken as a first language by the amharas and as a lingua franca by other populations residing in major cities and towns of ethiopia. The valley traverses ethiopia from southwest to northeast. Abyssinica translator is a multilingual machine translation service to translate text, images or documents. The first language to separate seems to have been omotic, at a date sometime after,000 b.1168 898 900 1105 823 1213 331 1552 731 1131 462 1211 353 47 14 368 1259 316 1352 1 1438 1008 298 503 1642 142 1549 82 1209 580 901 687 944 1072 209 1475 1458 1105